Posted by: Administrator | 1 April, 2007

Address to Nation 12 January 2002

President of Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf’s Address to the Nation

January 12, 2002

I begin in the name of God, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful

Pakistani brothers and sisters!

As you would remember, ever since I assumed office, I launched a campaign to rid the society of extremism, violence and terrorism and strived to project Islam in its true perspective. In my first speech on October 17, 1999, I had said and I quote: “Islam teaches tolerance, not hatred universal brotherhood, not enmity; peace, and not violence. I have a great respect for the Ullema and expect them to come forward and present Islam in its true light. I urge them to curb elements which are exploiting religion for vested interests and bringing a bad name to our faith” After this, I initiated a number of steps in this regard. First, in the year 2000, I started interacting with the Taliban and counseled them to inculcate tolerance and bring moderation in their ways. I also told them that those terrorists who were involved in terrorist acts in Pakistan and seeking refuge in Afghanistan should be returned to us. Unfortunately, we did not succeed.

In the year 2001, I think it was January, we sealed, the Pak-Afghan borders and I gave directions that no students of any Madrassah (religious seminaries) should be allowed to cross into Afghanistan without relevant documents. After this, I dispatched a number of delegations to meet Mullah Omar. I continued to advise them tolerance and balance.  later, on February 15, 2001, we promulgated the Anti-Weaponization Ordinance. Through this law, we launched a de-weaponization campaign in Pakistan.

On the 5th of June, on the occasion of the Seerat Conference, I addressed Ullema belonging to all schools of thought and spoke firmly to them against religious extremism. On the 14th of August 2001, we finally took a very important decision to ban Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Sipah-e-Muhammad and placed Sipah-e-Sahaba and TJP (Tehreek-e-Jaffari  akistan) under observation. In addition, on a number of occasions, I called Ullema and Mashaikh and held extensive consultations with them. The objective was to take them on board in our campaign against terrorism and extremism. These measures have been continuing since our government assumed office in 1999. I am explaining all this to you in great detail only because of the fact that the campaign against extremism undertaken by us from the very beginning is in our own national interest. We are not this under advice or pressure from anyone. Rather, we are conscious that it is in our national interest. We are conscious that we need to rid our society of extremism and this is being done right from the beginning.

This domestic reforms process was underway when a terrorist attack took place against the United States on the 11th of September. This terrorist act led to momentous changes all over, the world. We decided to join the international coalition against terrorism and in this

regard I have already spoken to you on a number of occasions. We took this decision on

principles and in our national interest.

By the grace of God Almighty our decision was absolutely correct. Our intentions were noble

and God Almighty helped us. I am happy to say that the vast majority of Pakistanis stood

by this decision and supported us. I am proud of the realistic decision of our nation. What

really pains us is that some religious extremist parties and groups opposed this decision.

What hurts more was that their position was not based on principles. At a critical juncture in

our history, they preferred their personal and party interests over national interests. They

tried their utmost to mislead the nation, took out processions and resorted to agitation. But

their entire efforts failed. The people of Pakistan frustrated their designs. As I have said l

am proud of the people of Pakistan who support correct decisions and do not pay attention

to those who try to mislead them.

I have interacted with the religious scholars on a number of occasions and exchanged views

with them. I am happy to say that our discussions have been very fruitful. A majority of

them are blessed with wisdom and vision and they do not mix religion with politics. Some

extremists, who were engaged in protests, are people who try to monopolize and attempt to

propagate their own brand of religion.

They think as if others are not Muslims. These are the people who considered the Taliban to

be a symbol of Islam and that the Taliban were bringing Islamic renaissance or were

practicing the purest form of Islam. They behaved as if the Northern Alliance, against whom

the Taliban were fighting, were non-Muslims whereas, in fact, both were Muslims and

believer. These extremists were those people who do not talk of “Haqooq-ul-Ibad”

(obligations towards fellow human beings). They do not talk of these obligations because

practicing those demands self-sacrifice. How will they justify their Pajeros and expensive

vehicles? I want to ask these extremists as to who was responsible for misleading

thousands of Pakistanis to their massacre in Afghanistan? These misled people were let

down by the very people in whose support they had gone. All of us should learn a lesson

from this. We must remember that we are Pakistanis. Pakistan is our Identity, our motherland.

We be aliens outside Pakistan and be treated as aliens. Pakistan is our land. It is our

soil, If we forsake it we will face difficulties. This lesson we must learn.

Sectarian terrorism has been going on for years. Every one of us is fed up of it. It is

becoming unbearable. Our peace-loving people are keen to get rid of the Kalashnikov and

weapon culture. Every one is sick of it. It was because of this that we banned Lashkar-e-

Jhangvi and Sipah-e-Muhammad. Yet little improvement occurred. The day of reckoning has

come. Do we want Pakistan to become a theocratic state? Do we believe that religious

education alone is enough for governance or do we want Pakistan to emerge as a

progressive and dynamic Islamic Welfare State? The verdict of the masses is in favour of a

progressive Islamic State. This decision, based on the teaching of the Holy Prophet (Peace

Be Upon Him) and in line with the teachings of Quaid-i-Azam and Allama Iqbal will put

Pakistan on the path of progress and prosperity. Let us honestly analyze what the few

religious extremists have attempted to do with Pakistan and Islam.

First, with regard to Afghanistan, they indulged in agitational activities. Look at the damage

it has caused! Pakistan’s international image was tarnished and we were projected by the

international media as ignorant and backward. Our economy suffered. A number of export

orders already placed with Pakistani industry were cancelled and no new orders

materialized. This led to closure of some factories and unemployment. The poor daily wage

earners lost their livelihood. Extremists also formed a Pakistan-Afghanistan Defence Council.

Apart from damaging Pakistan, they had negative thinking and had no idea of anything

good for Afghanistan. Did they ever think of bringing about peace to Afghanistan through

reconciliation among the Taliban and Northern Alliance? Did they counsel tolerance to them?

Did they ever think of collecting funds for the welfare, rehabilitation and reconstruction of

the war-ravaged Afghanistan, or to mitigate sufferings of the poor Afghan people? Did they

think of a solution to hunger, poverty and destruction in Afghanistan? To my knowledge,

only Maulana Abdul Sattar Edhi, God bless him, and some foreign NGOs and the UN

organizations were providing the Afghans with food and medicines. These extremists did

nothing except contributing to bloodshed in Afghanistan. I ask of them, whether they know

any thing other than disruption and sowing seeds of hatred? Does Islam preach this?

Now, let us see their activity outside Afghanistan. They initiated sectarian feuds. Sects and

different schools of thought in Islam have existed since long. There is nothing wrong with

intellectual differences flowing from freedom of thought as long as such differences remain

confined to intellectual debate. Look at what this extremist minority is doing? They

are indulging in fratricidal killings. There is no tolerance among them. Quaid-i-Azam

declared that Pakistan belonged to followers of all religions; that every one would be treated

equally. However, what to speak of other religions, Muslims have started killing each other.

I think, these people have declared more Muslims as Kafirs (infidels) than motivating the

non-Muslims to embrace Islam. Look at the damage they have caused? They have

murdered a number of our highly qualified doctors, engineers, civil servants and teachers

who were pillars of our society. Who has suffered? The families of the dead no doubt, but

greater loss were inflicted on Pakistan because, as I said, we lost the pillars of our society.

These extremists did, not stop here. They started killing other innocent people in mosques

and places of worship.

Today people are scared of entering these sacred places of worship. It is a matter of shame

that police have to be posted outside for their protection. We claim Islam as a Deen or a

complete way of life. Is this the way of life that Islam teaches us? That we fight amongst

ourselves and feel scared of fellow Muslims, scared of visiting our places of worship where

police have to be deputed outside for protection? Mosques are being misused for

propagating and inciting hatred against each other’s sect and belief and against the

government too.

I would like to inform you that a number of terrorist rings have been apprehended. In

Karachi; the Inspector General of Police, while briefing me, informed that the leader of one

of these groups is the Pesh Imam (Prayer leader) of a Mosque in Malir. The Imam has

confessed to murdering many people himself. This is the state of affairs. To what purpose

are we using our mosques for? These people have made a state within a state and have

challenged the writ of the government.

Now I would like to dwell upon the subject of Madaris or Religious schools in some detail.

These schools are excellent welfare set-ups where the poor get free board and lodge. In my

opinion, no NGO can match their welfare aspects. Many of the Madaris are imparting

excellent education. In addition to religious teachings, other subjects such as science

education and computer training are also being imparted there.

I am thankful to them for undertaking excellent welfare measures without State funding. I

would also like to say that I have projected Madaris internationally and with various heads

of state time and again. I think no one else in Pakistan has done so much for their cause.

However, there are some negative aspects of some madrassahs. These few impart only

religious education and such education produce only semi-literate religious scholars. This is

a weakness. Very few madaris, and I repeat a repeat very few of them, are under the

influence of politico-religious parties or have been established by them. I know that some of

these promote negative thinking and propagate hatred and violence instead of inculcating

tolerance, patience and fraternity. We must remember that historically the madrassah was a

prestigious seat of learning. They were citadels of knowledge and beacon of light for the

world.

When Islam was at its zenith, every discipline of learning, e.g. mathematics, science,

medicine, astronomy and jurisprudence was taught at these institutions. Great Muslim

luminaries such Al-Beruni, Ibn-e-Sina (Avesia) and Ibn-Khuldoon, were the products of the

same madaris.

And if we study history, we see that from the 7th to the I5th century AD, transfer of

technology took place from the Muslims to the rest of the world. Look at Muslims’ condition

today. Islam teaches us to seek knowledge, even if it involved travel to China. I am sure

you are aware that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) had told prisoners of war in the Battle

of Badr that they would be set free if each of them imparted education to ten Muslims. Quite

obviously, this education could not have been religious education as the prisoners were non-

Muslims. So the Prophet (Peace e Upon Him) was actually referring to worldly education. If

we do not believe in education, are we following the teachings of Islam or violating them?

We must ask what direction we are being led into by these extremists. The writ of the

government is being challenged. Pakistan has been made a soft state where the supremacy

of law is questioned. This situation cannot be tolerated any more.

The question is what is the correct path? First of all, we must rid the society of sectarian

hatred and terrorism, and promote mutual harmony. Remember that mindsets cannot be

changed through force and coercion. No idea can be forcefully asserted on anyone. Maybe

the person changes outwardly but minds and hearts can never be converted by force. Real

change can be brought about through personal example, exemplary character and superior

intellect. It can be brought about by Haqooq-ul-Ibad (Obligation towards fellow beings).

Have we forgotten the example of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) where Islam was

spread by virtue of his personal conduct, true leadership and that is how changes in the

world took place at that time. We have forgotten the teaching of revered personalities of

Islam like Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh, Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, Fareed Ganj Shakar,

Baha-uddin-Zakria etc.

Was Islam spread by them through force and coercion? No. They preached Islam by

personal example. I give these examples because it hurts me to see where we have

relegated ourselves now. We must restore that status of Madaris to what it originally was.

We have to change the state of affairs and take them on the path of improvement.

The second thing I want to talk about is the concept of ( Jehad in its totality. I want to dilate

upon it because it is a contentious issue, requiring complete comprehension and

understanding. In Islam, Jehad is not confined to armed struggles only. Have we ever

thought of waging Jehad against illiteracy, poverty, backwardness and hunger? This is the

larger Jehad. Pakistan, in my opinion, needs to wage Jehad against these evils. After the

battle of Khyber, the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) stated that Jehad-e-Asghar (Smaller

Jehad) is over but Jehad-e-Akbar (Greater Jehad) has begun. This meant that armed Jehad

i.e. the smaller Jehad was now over and the greater Jehad against backwardness and

illiteracy had started. Pakistan needs Jehad-e-Akbar at this juncture.

By the way we must remember that only the government of the day and not every

individual can proclaim armed Jehad. The extremist minority must realize that Pakistan is

not responsible of waging armed Jehad in the world. I feel that in addition to Haqooq Allah

(Obligation to God), we should also focus on Haqooq-ul-ibad (Obligations towards fellow

human beings). At schools, colleges and Madaris, obligations towards fellow human beings

should be preached. We know that we have totally ignored the importance of correct

dealings with fellow human beings. There is no room for feuds in Islamic teachings. It is

imperative that we teach true Islam i.e. tolerance, forgiveness, compassion, justice, fair

play, amity and harmony, which is the true spirit of Islam. We must adopt this. We must

shun negative thinking.

We have formulated a new strategy for Madaris and there is need to implement it so as to

galvanize their good aspects and remove their drawbacks. We have developed a new

syllabus for them providing for teaching of Pakistan Studies, Mathematics, Science and

English along with religious subjects. Even if we want these Madaris to produce religious

leaders they should be educated along these lines. Such people will command more respect

in the society because they will be better qualified. To me, students of religious schools

should be brought in to the mainstream of society. If any one of them opts to join college or

university, he would have the option of being equipped with the modem education. If a child

studying at a madrassah does not wish to be a prayer leader and he wants to be a bank

official or seek employment elsewhere, he should be facilitated. It would mean that the

students of Madaris should be brought to the mainstream through a better system of

education. This is the crux of the madrassah strategy.

This, by no means, is an attempt to bring religious educational institutions under Govt

control, nor do we want to spoil the excellent attributes of these institutions. My only aim is

to help these institutions in overcoming their weaknesses and providing them with better

facilities and more avenues to the poor children at these institutions.

We must check abuse of mosques and Madaris and they must not be used for spreading

political and sectarian prejudices. We want to ensure that mosques enjoy freedom and we

are here to maintain it. At the same time we expect a display of responsibility along with

freedom. If the Imam of mosques fail to display responsibility, curbs would have to be

placed on them. After this analysis, now I come to some conclusions and decisions:

First, we have to establish the writ of the Government. All organizations in Pakistan will

function in a regulated manner. No individual, organization or party will be allowed to break

law of the land. The internal environment has to be improved. Maturity and equilibrium

have to be established in the society. We have to promote an environment of tolerance,

maturity, responsibility, patience and understanding. We have to check extremism,

militancy, violence and fundamentalism. We will have to forsake the atmosphere of hatred

and anger. We have to stop exploitation of simple poor people of the country and not to

incite them to feuds and violence. We must concern ourselves with our own country.

Pakistan comes first. We do not need to interfere and concern ourselves with others. There

is no need to interfere in other countries.

Now I turn to other important issues. In my view there are three problems causing conflict

and agitation in our minds. They include; first, the Kashmir Cause, secondly, all political

disputes at the international level concerning Muslims and thirdly, internal sectarian

disputes and differences.

These are the three problems which create confusion in our minds. I want to lay down rules

of behaviour concerning all the three.

Let us take the Kashmir Cause first. Kashmir runs in our blood. No Pakistani can afford to

sever links with Kashmir. The entire Pakistan and the world knows this. We will continue to

extend our moral, political and diplomatic support to Kashmiris.

We will never budge an inch from our principled stand on Kashmir. The Kashmir problem

needs to be resolved by dialogue and peaceful means in accordance with the wishes of the

Kashmiri people and the United Nations resolutions. We have to find the solution of this

dispute. No organisation will be allowed to indulge in terrorism in the name of Kashmir. We

condemn the terrorist acts of September 11, October and December 13. Anyone found

involved in any terrorist act would be dealt with sternly. Strict action will be taken against

any Pakistani individual, group or organization found involved in terrorism within or outside

the country. Our behaviour must always be in accordance with international norms.

On this occasion, as President of Pakistan, I want to convey a message to Prime Minister

Vajpayee: If we want to normalize relations between Pakistan and India and bring harmony

to the region, the Kashmir dispute will have to be resolved peacefully through a dialogue on

the basis of the aspirations of the Kashmiri people. Solving the Kashmir Issue is the joint

responsibility of our two countries. Let me, repeat some of the observations made by you,

Mr. Vajpayee, some time back and I quote: ‘Mind-sets will have to be altered and historical

baggage will have to be jettisoned.’ I take you on this offer. Let us start talking in this very

spirit.

Now as Commander of the Armed Forces of Pakistan, I wish to convey another message.

The armed forces of Pakistan are fully prepared and deployed to meet any challenge. They

will spill the last drop of their blood in the defence of their country. Let their be no attempt

of crossing the border in any sector as it will be met with full force. Do not entertain any

illusions on this account.

I would also like to address the international community, particularly the United States on

this occasion. As I said before on a number of occasions Pakistan rejects and condemns

terrorism in all its forms and manifestation. Pakistan will not allow its territory to be used

for any terrorist activity anywhere in the world. Now you must play an active role in solving

the Kashmir dispute for the sake of lasting peace and harmony in the region. We should be

under no illusion that the legitimate demand of the people of Kashmir can ever be

suppressed without their just resolution. Kashmiris also expect that you ask India to bring

an end to state terrorism and human rights violations. Let human rights organizations,

Amnesty International, the international media and UN peace-keepers be allowed to monitor

activities of the Indian occupation forces.

Now we come to the second problem, which causes confusion in our minds and is of our

particular concern. It relates to conflicts involving Muslims. Our religious leaders involve

themselves in such conflicts without giving serious thought to them. I don’t want to talk at

length on this.

It is for the government to take a position on international issues. Individuals, organizations

and political parties should restrict their activities to expression of their views. I request

them to express their views on international issues in an intellectual spirit and in a civilized

manner through force of argument.

Views expressed with maturity and moderation have greater convincing power. Expressing

views in a threatening manner does not create any positive effect and anyone who indulges

in hollow threats is taken as an unbalanced person by the world at large.

I would request that we should stop interfering in the affairs of others. First, we should

attain the strength and the importance where our views carry weight when we express

them.

Now we come to internal decisions

The third issue causing conflict in our minds relates to sectarian differences. As I have

already pointed out that writ of the Government will be established. No individual,

organization or party will be allowed to break the law of the land. All functioning will be in a

regulated manner and within rules.

Now I come to the extremist organizations. Terrorism and sectarianism must come to an

end. I had announced a ban on Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Sipah-e-Mohammad on I4th August

last year. On that occasion, I had pointed out that Sipah-e-Sahaba and TJP would be kept

under observation.

I am sorry to say that there is not much improvement in the situation. Sectarian violence

continues unabated. We have busted several gangs involved in sectarian killings. You would

be astonished to know that in year 200I about 400 innocent people fell victim to sectarian

and other killings.

Many of the gangs apprehended include people, mostly, belonging to Sipah-e-Sahaba and

some to TJP. This situation cannot be tolerated any more. I, therefore, announce banning of

both Sipah-e-Sahaba and TJP. In addition to these, TNSM (Tehreek-e-Nifaz-e-Shariat

Muhammadi) being responsible for misleading thousands of simple poor people into

Afghanistan also stands banned.

This organization is responsible for their massacre in Afghanistan. The Government has also

decided to put the Sunni Tehreek under observation. No organization is allowed to form

Lashkar, Sipah or Jaish. The Government has banned Jaish-e-Mohammad and Lashkar-e-

Taiba.

Any organization or individual would face strict punitive measures if found inciting the

people to violence in internal or external contexts.

Our mosques are sacred places where we seek the blessings of God Almighty. Let them

remain sacred. We will not allow the misuse of mosques. All mosques will be registered and

no new mosque will be built without permission. The use of loudspeakers will be limited only

to call for prayers, and Friday Sermon and Vaaz. However, I would like to emphasize that

special permission is being given for Vaaz (sermon). If this is misused the permission will be

cancelled.

If there is any political activity, inciting of sectarian hatred or propagation of extremism in

any mosque, the management would be held responsible and proceeded against according

to law.

I appeal to all Pesh Imams to project the qualities of Islam in the mosques and invite the

people to piety. Talk of obligations towards fellow beings, exhort them to abstain from

negative thoughts and promote positive thinking. I hope that all Nazims, Distt. Police

officers and Auqaf Department officials will take quick action against violators of these

measures.

On Madaris, a detailed policy will be issued through a new Madrassah Ordinance. The

Ordinance will be issued in a few days. I feel happy that the Madrassah policy has been

finalized in consultation with religious scholars and Mashaikh. I have touched on the merits

and shortcomings prevailing in the Madaris. Merits have to be reinforced while shortcomings

have to be rooted out. Under the Madrassah policy, their functioning will be regulated.

These Madaris will be governed by same rules and regulations applicable to other schools,

colleges and universities. All Madaris will be registered by 23rd March 2002 and no new

Madrassah will be opened without permission of the Government.

If any Madrassah (religious school) is found indulging in extremism, subversion, militant

activity or possessing any types of weapons, it will be closed. All Madaris will have to adopt

the new syllabi by the end of this year. Those Madaris which are already following such

syllabi are welcome to continue. The Government has decided to provide financial

assistance to such Madaris. The government will also help the Madaris in the training of

their teachers. The Ministry of Education has been instructed to review courses of Islamic

education in all schools and colleges with a view to improving them. So far as foreign

students attending Madaris are concerned, we have set rules for them. Foreign students

who do not have proper documents would be required to comply with the formalities by 23k’

March 2002, otherwise they can face deportation.

Any foreigner wanting to attend Madaris in Pakistan will have to obtain required documents

from his/her native country and NOC from the government. Only then, he or she will get

admission. The same rules will apply to foreign teachers.

Some Ulema were of the view that some poor people who come to Pakistan for religious

education should not be deported to the countries of their origin. I agree that this is a

genuine demand but such people should regularize their stay in Pakistan through their

respective embassies. As I have said, all such activity has to be regulated and the writ of

the Government must be established.

With a view to ending conflict, I have explained to you at great length the three areas

causing confusion in our minds. Making rules, regulations and issuing ordinances is easy but

their implementation is difficult. However, I feel all the measures I have announced are of

utmost importance. We have to implement them. In this regard, the law enforcement

agencies including police must perform their duty.

We are introducing reforms in the police with a view to improving their efficiency. A great

responsibility lies on their shoulders. I have directed the police to ensure implementation of

the steps announced by the government and I have no doubt they will be motivated to

perform their duty. After reforms we expect they will be better trained and equipped to

discharge their duty. Rangers and civil armed forces will be in their support.

We are also taking steps in consultation. With the judiciary for speedy trial of cases relating

to terrorism and extremism. Anti terrorist courts are being strengthened and necessary

orders will be issued in a few days.

Apart from these issues, I would also like to inform you, my brothers and sisters, that we

have been sent a list of 20 people by India. I want to clear our position on this. There is no

question of handing over any Pakistani. This will never be done. If we are given evidence

against those people, we will take action against them in Pakistan under our own laws. As

far as non-Pakistanis are concerned, we have not given asylum to any one. Any one falling

under this category will be proceeded against whenever one is found.

My brothers & sisters,

Pakistan is an Islamic Republic. There are 98 percent Muslims living in this country. We

should live like brothers and form an example for rest of the Islamic countries. We should

strive to emerge as a responsible and progressive member of the comity of nations.

We have to make Pakistan a powerful and strong country. We have resources and potential.

We are capable of meeting external danger. We have to safeguard ourselves against

internal dangers. I have always been saying that internal strife is eating us like termite.

Don’t forget that Pakistan is the citadel of Islam and if we want to serve Islam well, we will

first have to make Pakistan strong and powerful. There is a race for progress among all

nations.

We cannot achieve progress through a policy of confrontation and feuds. We can achieve

progress through human resource development, mental enlightenment, high moral

character and technological development. I appeal to all my countrymen to rise to the

occasion. We should get rid of intolerance and hatred and instead promote tolerance and

harmony.

May God guide us to act upon the true teachings of Faith and Islam. May He help us to

follow the Quaid-i-Azam’s motto: “Unity, Faith and Discipline”. This should always be

remembered. We will be a non-entity without unity.

And I would again like to recite a couplet from Allama Iqbal.

Fard Qaim Rabte Millat Say Hai Tanha Kuch Naheen.

Mauj hai Dariya Main, Bairune Durya Kuch Naheen.

English:

AMONG THE COMMUNITY

DO INDIVIDUALS SURVIVE; NOT ALONE;

LIKE WAVES THAT EXISTS IN RIVERS

AND OUT OF WATER ARE NOT KNOWN.

Pakistan Paindabad!

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