Posted by: Administrator | 3 July, 2006

President lecture at Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing

President Musharraf’s lecture at the Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China

21 Feb 2006

Mr. Chen Kui-yuan, President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen. I consider at a unique privilege to be talking to this honest and very intellectual gathering of this academy and I would like to express my gratitude to the chairman for giving me this opportunity to interact with you. I would first of all like to extend warm greetings from the people of Pakistan to the people of China on the 55th year of all weather friendship between our two countries and this all weather friendship will keep rising. It will keep rising because of two very important factors I believe, Number 1 is that this relationship is very broad based, it doesn’t have a very narrow fake focus, it is based on political and diplomatic coordination and understanding full consonance, it is based on relationship of economic, trade and commercial relations it is based other then  hat on Defence cooperation of strategic cooperation and cooperation in the social sector, health and education which are so broad based. Secondly it permanent down at peoples level, the people of Pakistan and people of China. We respect you governments and leaders it’s the people who love each other therefore I have no reason, not to believe that Pakistan and China relationship in the future will keep rising as time passes as somebody said that it will continue to be deeper than the ocean and higher than the mountain in the future. I would also like to take this opportunity of expressing very deep gratitude on my behalf, my wife’s behalf and on my  elegation’s behalf for the extreme warmth, hospitality the cordiality and the very courtesy being extended to us  since the time we are coming to China into your great country and we would also like to express out gratitude to the very generous assistance given by China in our hour of needs when we were meeting the challenges of the earthquake that struck us on 8 th Oct last year.

My visit ladies and gentlemen today has a desire to strengthen relations in all fields, the field which I have said and take them to new heights that is my desire and with the interaction which I had with the President and  hich I am going to have with the PM and the leaderships in China, I have reason to disbelief that why it should not be pride. The subject given to me ladies and gentlemen is contemporary issues of peace security and development. In the time frame available I would like to cover in terms of three very broad headings, firstly I would like to give you my assessment of the global environment then I will come on to the security perspective of our region and finally I would like to give Pakistan, my country’s policy priorities. This in its complexities will re-recover my reflection of the issue of peace, security and development in the world in the region and within Pakistan. If we take on the globalenvironment first of all ladies and gentlemen today’s world has tremendous challenges but at the same time there are equal kinds of opportunities available, it now depends on the leadership of the  world to meet the challenges and take the world on the side of opportunities but however because of these opposing challenges, land opportunities available, the global environment keeps in a state of flux, in a state of uncertainty therefore as I have said that it needs deep understanding of the issues involved  nd all embracing strategy to meet the challenges and go towards opportunity. The last decade of the 20th century I must say, saw momentous developments and the greatest development was the end of cold war.
The end of cold war raised a lot of hopes in the world with the lot of optimism but however all that very soon evaporated. Why did that evaporate, although
the global confrontation between east and west like NATO, Warsaw Pact etc fades
away, however the world still remained insecure because of new threats of terrorism
and extremism emerged and other then that, new interstate, interregional threats
emerge because of old disputes persistent without resolution like the Palestinian
dispute, the Kashmir dispute and the Afghanistan was added, Iraq was added and now
Iran is also at boiling point so these are new disputes, interregional, interstate which
have emerged in spite of the confrontation between east and west having receded also
lately we have seen the resurfacing of religious and cultural prejudices leading on to
the wrong notion of clash of civilization which is extremely dangerous in context so
therefore I said that this hope and optimism of the end of Cold War came to a very
rapid and rude end. if I was to identify the dangers of peace security ad development, I
would like to 2 point out four dangers. Number one is unresolved political disputes
and conflict which is the first and biggest danger and this gives rise to the second
danger of terrorism and extremism.
Terrorism and extremism are the fallout of unresolved political disputes then
as I have said before is the resurfacing of the cultural and interfaith prejudices specially
may I say against Islam and lastly widening inequalities within country and between
countries specially economic inequalities. These are the four areas which I feel can lead
to dangerous trends in peace against peace, security and development with the world.
If I was to give a blue print for peace resolution, for more secure world firstly I think
we need to uphold the principles of United Nation Charter, make the United nation
more potent so therefore Pakistan favours the reforms of United Nations. Secondly,
resolve all long standing political disputes with justices and I personally see that
Palestine and Kashmir disputes at this moment are right for resolution. I personally
think that all the power states specially the West, United States and China must put in
their efforts towards the resolution of the long standing disputes because they fall into
a core of terrorism and extremism. The third point I would like to make we have to
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combat terrorism and extremism collectively but here we have to adopt a holistic
approach, in this holistic approach, first of all we must understand the difference
between terrorism and extremism. We tend to confuse both of them together,
terrorism is an act, it is pro active act of killing innocent people activities so therefore
you counter it with equal action, military force using an kind of force against the
terrorists but extremism is not an act in itself, it is a state of mind you cannot act
militarily against an extremist, you have to adopt a different strategy to change the
mind set so two are very different now while we are addressing terrorism militarily and
with force how to address extremism is the question? Extremism does lead to
terrorism, it is extremism that cause terrorism, extremist becomes terrorist but till he
don’t become terrorist you cant take military action against him, so you have to have a
different strategy to change his mind, mind sets need to be change. Now when we talk
of how to address extremist, I feel there ought to be a three tier approach, it has very
deep merits therefore it needs strategizing with three tier approach has to be taken by
whole world. Secondly at this moment Islamic world is involve greatly second tier is
action by Islamic world and third is action by individual nation, individual countries
and every country has a different environment so they have to take action according to
their environment. However in this three tier actions, we must understand the root
cause of terrorism and extremism are unresolved political disputes, poverty and lack of
education. These form root causes so when we now talk of three tier approach, I
myself propose a strategy of Enlighten Moderation to address these three root causes
at the world level and at the Islamic world level, at these two tiers and very simply
impose it is two prong approach. One prong is to be delivered by Muslim world to
reject terrorism and extremism and to go on the path of socio-economic development;
poverty alleviation, education, health and welfare of the people so this is to be deliver
by Islamic world. While the second prong is to be deliver by the West especially
United States and also may I add China with all the power, the future the great country
is having, resolve political disputes and assist the Muslim world in its socio-economic
development, so these two prongs implied together we need to success. In military
strategy those of you who study military strategy, there is strategy called Double
Envelopment, double pincer; this double envelopment can only succeed if both the
prong succeed. if one of the prong is not succeeding and only launching one it will
never end in success it will fail. So both the prong by the World and by the Islamic
world has to succeed in order to get to the root cause to terrorism and extremism.
These were the two tiers and third tier as far individual nation I will not get
into individual nation but as far as Pakistan is concern let me ensure you that we have
strategize how to deal with extremism and we have adopted six points agenda how to
deal with it, these six points are three in short term and three long term issues and we
are already executing them, these six points are administrative actions that we are
taking to address the root causes of extremism, vis-à-vis extremist towards
moderation. Other then that there are political agenda we are following so that we
suppress extremism religions forces from arising on the political platform, so this is a
strategy we are applying within the Pakistan. so in view of the shortage of time I will
leave at this that as far as the world and the economic world is concerned the
enlightened moderation is the answer and as far as nations are concerned Pakistan has
Strategize its requirement its methodology of dealing with extremists and it s following
that strategy in letter and spirit and as time passes I am sure we will be addressing the
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root causes of extremism and that is what will be the need of terrorism also. So this
was the third as I said the blue print for peaceful and secure world the fourth one is
that we need to promote 3 tolerance, understanding and respect for each other’s
values, culture and trade. In other words we have to develop interfaith harmony and
this notion of clash of civilization has to be rejected. Ladies and Gentlemen we are not
living in an era of crusade we have entered in the era of geo economics this I the 21st
century and there is no clash of civilisation is going on let us not take the world back
to the crusade therefore I would like to say at this point it saddened me when one hear
of the recent provocation against the Muslims n the form of publication of the
blasphemous sketches against our Prophet, this is most unacceptable to the Muslim
world this can not be tolerated because it gives rise it encourage the notion of Clash of
Civilization and it is more disappointing when the so called enlightened progressive
and civilized society and tolerance society give freedom o press as an excuse for this
act, I certainly believe that freedom should also have responsibility and that
responsibility is towards promoting peace and harmony in the world and not for
promoting tension and discord in the world. So there fore I believe that nobody has
the right to hurt anybody else sentiment and insult and humiliate their values. There
very differed values. So therefore ladies and gentlemen this is important incident and it
has been raised now is lately the issue of now interfaith problem has a reason against

Islam. I thought it is relevant to say that tolerance understanding and respect for each

other has to be harmonized has to be promoted to bring harmony and peace into the

world. There are points for peaceful and secure world that I would like to also give out

as my recipe certainly to have equitable and just economic order and we have to

ensure a better trade terms and opportunity for the developing countries and when I

say better trade terms and opportunity to developing countries I strongly believe that

the playing field ought to be uneven in favour of the developing countries or at least

we should have even playing filed for the developing and the developed but as the

world stands today I think the playing field in uneven in favour of the developed

countries this is most unjust and therefore when I talk of equitable economic order I

believe that we should have an uneven playing field in favour of the developing

countries and the developed countries must have the spirit of sacrifice so that the

developing countries also emancipate. Otherwise I use the tem once before and I

would like to use it again that these islands of prosperity will be drowned in the oceans

of poverty this much for the world order. Ladies and Gentlemen I would like to talk

of the regional environment now, first of all Pakistan stands for peace harmony in the

region creating an environment for economic integration for mutual progress that is

what we desire in our region. There are some schools of thought who believe that I

being a soldier talking of peace I am basically a man of war and I talk of peace my

answer to that is yes indeed I have fought two wars and I have been involved in

number of other skirmishes and not sitting in the offices but in the frontlines that

makes me imminently qualified to talk of peace because I know the ravages of war I

have seen ravages of war with my own eyes when my friends and colleagues died with

me in my own arms so therefore I understand the ravages of war and therefore I am

the most imminently qualified to talk of peace and therefore I am talking of peace.

Pakistan ladies and gentlemen I feel can pay a key role if we are talking of

development. If development is desired Pakistan is in a geo-strategic situation to pay a

key role. Pakistan geography if we see, we lie at the centre of the Gulf and the Middle

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East in our west Central Asia to our North China to our northeast and India and

South Asia to our East. Any interaction between these regions whether it is for trade

or energy it is not possible without Pakistan. Central Asia is looking at the word for

trade access and energy access India is looking for energy from Iran from Qatar from

Turkmenistan and the shortest aces to China to the world is all through Pakistan. So

therefore Pakistan is today well I shouldn’t say today the geography is permanent but I

would like to project Pakistan now as a hub of this entire region.

Pakistan provides the trade and energy corridor to this whole region

therefore Pakistan has a key role to play in the development in the peace security and

development of the whole region. Therefore I made a strong case with the Secretary-

General Shanghai Cooperation Organization that Pakistan ought to be a full member

of the SCO. And now we have an observer status but if SCO agenda is peace security

and development in which Pakistan is a key player; how Pakistan cannot be a full

member then, I hope we do become.

The other point that I want to make on the regional issue is regionalism.

Ladies and Gentlemen regionalism is on the rise and I personally feel this is the right

path forward for development. Regionalism does good to the haves not to the weaker

to the poor because the 4 region the haves or the stronger the richer will pull the

poorer upwards if there is regional cooperation if there is regionalism and the good

example of regionalism is European Union and ASEAN where the weaker are

benefiting through the pull of the stronger of the richer but unfortunately when we

look at South Asia my region Pakistan region regionalism is not succeeding its not

successful so either channelised either why regionalism is not succeeding in our region

I feel the answer is very very clear I feel that security sovereignty and development of

its people are common urge of every nation of the world. Unfortunately security

sovereignty and development issues are being violated in our part of the world so until

there is trust and confidence that every nation a nation will remain secure its

sovereignty will be guaranteed and the people will develop towards prosperity there

will be no domination from the bigger forces, regionalism will never succeed,

regionalism can never succeed in an environment of lack of trust lack of confidence so

that is why the regionalism in South Asia is not progressing and may I also say that in

order to build trust and confidence the role of the bigger the ore powerful the richer is

much more than the weaker because the more powerful and the bigger has to give it

has to have a spirit of sacrifice in it, the smaller the weaker is the taker not the giver so

it is the bigger countries which is the giver so that giver has to have a spirit of sacrifice

a spirit of accommodation magnanimity large heart now if that is not there of that is

not there regionalism will never succeed so therefore while some region pf the world

are on a prospering path the growth path collectively the bigger and the stronger

sacrificing for the weaker unfortunately South Asia is far from that we only hope that

the spirit is generated in South Asia so that we can also go on the path of growth and

progress and prosperity. But I believe that such prosperity and growth and

development take three steps the first step is intra-regional cooperation within the

region then it ought to go on to inter regional cooperation and finally global. In our

context intra regional is obviously is SAARC we must make SAARC potent so that all

seven countries progress the smaller and the bigger and then we are talking of inter

regional cooperation of SAARC with ASEAN. SAARC with Central Asia SAARC

with SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Pakistan as I said is the bridge can

172 Documents

be bridge between SAARC and SCO because of its geographic location so the path

forward to regionalism is intra regional inter-regional and then global.

I was talking of region again and I would like to say tat Pakistan is

contributing its best towards the harmony of the region. In Afghanistan we support

President Karzai and we supported the Bonn process which is over but now through

the London conference decision we support that we support the political

developments we support the constitution that has been adopted in Afghanistan we

support the election of the President Karzai and the election of the Parliament

therefore we are contributing our bid towards political development in Afghanistan

and towards building peace and harmony to our combine fight against terrorism and

extremism.

On the Indo Pakistan rapprochement that is the other regional issue which

has bedevilled relations between India and Pakistan and contributed to the instability

of the region. And as somebody remarked that if you take South Asia and India and

Pakistan conflict they said when two elephants quarrel the grass gets trampled

therefore when two elephants of the region Pakistan and India are at war then the

other nations also get trampled they don’t progress now I believe that if you have to

find a solution all the three parties involved and there are three parties involved that is

India Pakistan and the people of Kashmir have to step back we have to step back to

reach an agreement and I always believe I always believed that the courage required to

confront and to fight is much lesser then the courage required to reconcile and

accommodate. Because their egos are involved and it is not easy for nations to give up

egos and reconcile from their position to get back their position but that is what is

required that courage is required to reconcile and accommodate and step back so that

we reach a solution. Pakistan is willing to do that, Pakistan has put forward many ideas

for the solution and the main that I have put forward is that we need to demilitarise

the region and give self governance to the people of Kashmir and then have a joint

management system over this entity that we create for managing spheres which are left

from the self governance the residual affairs this need to be refined and new ideas to

be brought up but we have to move forward towards peace and in this I would like to

urge the world the US and China and all world leaders to put in their voice for

Pakistan and India to resolve dispute for the sake of peace and harmony in the world

for the sake of peace and harmony in the region the world 5 must raise its voice and

tell all parties involved to resolve the Kashmir dispute unfortunately this voice is not

raised in the world we are not asking for mediation because we are trying for

mediation because we are trying to go on follow a bilateral path on resolution other

than mediation raising one’s voice and putting pressure on parties involved to go for a

resolution of a dispute is what I would suggest to all world leaders.

Lastly Ladies and Gentlemen I will come to Pakistan’s domestic policy

priority. May I say based on the vision of the founding father Quaid-e-Azam and the

vision and the philosophy of Allama Iqbal we want to build Pakistan into progressive

economic re-vibrant moderate Islamic state living in peace with all countries This is

our aim and objective and all our strategies and policies are now based on towards

taking Pakistan through this end. First of all when I came in the scene in 1999

economic revival of Pakistan because unless the nation is economically vibrant it can

not develop in any other field so I must very proudly say that Pakistan economy is

now at an upsurge with the GDPO that has grown to 8.4%last year and all the macro

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economic indicators positive and I don’t want to go in detail our industries doing

exceptionally well or all our industries we have created an investor environment

foreign direct investment is coming if you compare between 99 and today FDI has

risen to 600% although the base was low and I am not satisfied with the 600% we are

to be rising by thousand of percents and the minister for investment is sitting here and

he knows my target so as far as the economy is concerned its revived its on upsurge

and we will continue on this upsurge. Now to transfer these economic gains to the

people of Pakistan so that is what we are doing through a well thought out strategy, we

have introduce a self government system so they can directly get involve in

development at grass root levels and as far as strategy toward is concern we are

strategizing on poverty alleviation, reduction in unemployment and the social sector

and in he social sector I personally got involve in transferring the gains to the people

in bridging the gaps between policy formulation and policy implementation and I got

involve in ensuring electricity to every village of Pakistan, safe drinking water

availability to all the population of Pakistan, provision of gas to the people of Pakistan,

education and health, good education and health at the grass root level to the people

of Pakistan and water management issue which is the base because we are agrarian

society, base of agriculture and even the base to sustainable economic growth so

therefore involvement in all these and plus I taken upon by self now to get involve

also in the foreign direct investment, I myself chair meeting of the investors and

government officials to put them together on the same table and give decision right

there so that investment get encourage. This is my personal involvement to

transferring the economic gains to the people. Fighting terrorism and extremism in

Pakistan, we have succeeded in the cities; we are succeeding in the mountains now. We

have captured the sanctuaries of Al-Qaeda in the valleys they are on the run now in

the mountains, I won’t go into the details. Second thing which we are doing very

briefly, wont go into details, we are bring about societal transformation in Pakistan

through a well thought out strategy, a societal transformation where as I said we are

vastly moderate Islamic country but unfortunately moderate are silent majority. it is

very vibrant extremists which are minority who try to dominant in the streets of

Pakistan, we are trying to transform, bring about societal transformation and take

these extremists on toward moderation. All that I would like to say we want to move

Pakistan towards moderate, progressive and enlightened society. This is all I have to

say ladies and gentlemen . I don’t know how much time have taken but to concluded,

I think there are few world leaders today owe it to the world, owe it to the future

generations to make this world to peaceful harmonious progressive world so that our

future generations and enjoy the fruits of progress and prosperity that sun provides

and what if world remains in the same tensions, conflict scenarios I am afraid we be

letting down our future generations.

Thank you very much

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