Posted by: Administrator | 9 January, 2005

6th National Security Workshop at National Defence College

2 March 2006

It is indeed my pleasure and a very special privilege to be addressing this entire faculty and students of NDC, the War Course, the NDC and 6th National Security Workshop. I would like to congratulate all the members and all the students attending this National Security Workshop for completing it successfully. I would like to commend NDC for running another successful course, which is the 6th one. We initiated this process about three years back and I think it has matured into a very useful and a very integrative course. And the feedback from you all, your predecessors is all very positive. Therefore I would like to specially commend the NDC, its faculty and its entire visiting faculty, Mr. Inam-ul-Haq and Mr. Najm-ud-Din Sheikh for contributing their bit in making this course so successful. I also hope that in the process of attending this course, you comprehended the entire ambit of national security, its entire dimensions. I hope it broadened your vision because at the leadership level, at the national level there are pulls being exerted in different directions. Therefore an understanding of all the multi-directional pulls is essential before arriving at a decision.

My experience is that we tend to look at issues and problems in a very narrow framework – domestically only. There is an international dimension, there is a regional dimension when you are in a leadership role, when you have to decide. It is easy to sit outside and give advice but when you come into decision making, then you realize and when the responsibility is on you of what will happen to the nation, then it becomes difficult to decide what to do. I would like to give you a multi-dimensional overview of things that are happening which impinge on Pakistan and that is how we take decision.

I am extremely glad that there are members of this course representing Parliamentarians, politicians, bureaucrats, diplomats, nazims, judiciary, civil and military officers, and private sectors representatives. I think this is an excellent interaction. Coming to what I want to talk to you, I intend giving you very random personal thoughts on national security and I will give you a birds’ eye view of international and domestic environment as it impinges on Pakistan and luckily or unluckily, every international issue impinges on Pakistan. Therefore we live in the eye of the storm till we get out of the storm.

We are living in a globalized world and a world in turmoil and we must understand that we are not living in a vacuum. It is a globalized world and every action taken by any country is known to the whole world through the media immediately. And then it has direct or indirect effects on all aspects, on economy, trade, commercial issues, which has to be seen in its entire complexities. So therefore leaders must understand this interaction as I said, more on it, I will speak later. The first point that I want to make is that the national security in its widest sense does not involve the military alone.

There was a time in 50’s and 60’s when we thought that security is Military, Army, Navy and Air Force, that is not the case now National Security is not the domain of the Military alone, it involves all the elements of National power, So the national security is the joint responsibility of all of you and all of us, whether we are in uniform or civies. The other point that I want to make is that in a globalized world, traditional notions of security and sovereignty are changing.

There is no absolute security and there is no absolute sovereignty. 9/11 showed that even a super power is not absolutely secure and sovereignty is directly proportional to your degree of dependence on anyone. National relations are just like human relations. If you are talking on a personal level, you are dependant on somebody, that much sovereignty you have compromised to that somebody.

So also at a national level, if you are dependant on somebody, whether it is for oil, financial assistance, trade, reduced tariff structures, reduced duties, increased input allowed to you, that much sovereignty you compromise, so there is no absolute sovereignty. No country in the world is absolutely sovereign. And your sovereignty, as I said, the moment you reduce your dependence on others, you gain sovereignty.

If you increase dependency, you reduce sovereignty. And a typical example that I can quote is that there was a time when we were getting 80,000 barrels of oil from a friendly country, you can imagine the level of our sovereignty with that country, now that we are not dependant, look at the sovereignty level that has gone up. So this was a lesson that I thought I must bring home.

Then when we are talking on security, it has an external and internal dimension. I will talk, first of all, of the external dimension of threat, security based on a threat perception and your threat analysis. And I would first of all say that diplomacy is the first line of defence. It’s the Foreign Office, Diplomats who provide the first line of defence and in this, I want to draw four lessons which I have learnt myself. I 2 am no diplomat, but with my experience, these are the four lessons that I draw from what is diplomacy and how diplomacy works.

First of all, one should never, in relations, negotiations, interactions with anyone, shut the door completely. Always leave the door a little open so that you can continue and you can fall back. So this is the first lesson that I have learnt, never do something which completely bangs the door shut and that is all. Second point that I want to make is that policies are never constant, it is national interest with are constant. Policies must keep changing with the environment and they must remain dynamic.

That is the dynamism of a nation, that you keep watching the environment and seeing the changes in the environment, and change policies. A lot of people who have been talking a lot of things in the past that we were behaving in a certain way and now we have changed, yes indeed! Why not? That is the demand of diplomacy and national interest.

National Interest is permanent, no policy is permanent. We change policies in accordance with the change in environment. The third point that I want to make is that success of diplomacy is very directly related to a nation’s standing.

In ’99, I kept quoting this, when I came on the scene I used to be annoyed with the Foreign Office that they were not delivering results and things are not going according to expectations. But I realized that they can not deliver if you have no standing in the world. How can a diplomat abroad deliver, when your standing is third rate and you are a rejected country, a failed and defaulted state?

How can you expect? But then if he delivers, he will be telling lies, that is the only way he can deliver. So therefore first requirement is to equip the man to deliver diplomatically. And you equip him through your own nation’s standing, dignity, status and stature in the world, then they are equipped to deliver for you on various issues.

The last point that I want to make that I have learnt. Other than these issues, there is personal relationship of leaders that works. I think that works a lot. A leader should be capable of picking up the phone and speaking to anybody in the world and when he rings up anybody in the world, that person should immediately receive his call or ring him back. So this relationship of leaders is extremely important, it has effects on diplomacy.

 These were the four points I thought as my personal experience. Now coming to threat, I don’t see any external threats to Pakistan, except that the cause of threat, which is Kashmir issue, is lingering on. So till we resolve it, even if there is rapprochement with India, the cause of dispute is there. So therefore, futuristically, one can not predict that there is no external threat. At the moment there is no threat, but futuristically maybe that will develop.

However I would say that another source of external threat would be incase we are unable to control terrorism and extremism in our society. That I feel is the most dangerous threat which exists to our security, to our national interest i.e. the Kashmir dispute and our nuclear power, the threat to both of them will be there if we are unable to fight terrorism and extremism from our society. With diplomacy, as I said, being the first line of defence, military is the second line of defence.

And all that I would talk of military, since I am talking to a group of civilians sitting with us, is that we in the military follow a strategy of defensive deterrence, we want to deter war and we have quantified this deterrence in terms of force levels of Army, navy and Air Force, in the conventional, but when the threat became unconventional, we also quantified force levels in unconventional, which is nuclear and missiles. So that is how our strategy functions.

Alhamdolillah at the moment, out strategy of defensive deterrence is in place. We are not into an arms race and we don’t have to match strength with strength. For the reason that the lethality and may I say the accuracy of the weapons has increased so much that you don’t have to quantify that much, I won’t totally rule that out but you don’t have to get into such a quantified level of forces. We, the armed forces, do understand the areas of some weakness, which we are 200% sure that we will remove.

And that is why when I went to China, you may have seen the JF 17s and two or three things that we are doing as far as army is concerned. Army’s offensive punch is the armor, the tanks. And I must say that, Alhamdollilah, our tanks are far better than the Indian tanks, maybe quantitatively less.

And we are very glad that we have produced Al-Khalid, which is one of the best tank in the world. We are correcting some weaknesses on Navy by getting frigates for them and other weapon systems also.

Regarding Air-Force, we are very glad that we have co-produced JF 17, this is a high technology air craft, which in many ways is better than the F-16s that we have. So therefore, in the coming years, we do keep Indian 3 forces in picture, and we are very confident that the armed forces of Pakistan will be able to maintain the strategy of defensive deterrence that we have.

Now let me come to realities, lets take a glimpse of international scene. Internationally there are 5 major concerns. These are counter terrorism, democracy, nuclear proliferation, human rights and narcotics. These are the five major concerns of the world today. Pakistan finds itself in the center stage of all of them and may I also add a dilemma, where on all these 5, if you analyze, while the international perception is pulling in one direction, the domestic perception is pulling in 180 degrees opposite direction, and that is where leadership comes in. that is where you need to do a balancing act, do a tightrope walking.

If you take each one of them, you take democracy, we think we have introduced sustainable democracy; I think so. But the world thinks there is no democracy in Pakistan, many countries in the world do but we have changed this perception now.

If you take nuclear issue, the world thinks Pakistan is the culprit of nuclear proliferation, we say no it’s not Pakistan, its one individual. If you take terrorism, we say we are in the process of controlling it but many parts of the world thinks that all source of terrorism and extremism is Pakistan.

If you take human rights, they think that Pakistan is culturally an intolerant society, violence against women, children, all kinds of human rights violation, honor killings and hudood, for all these issues, Pakistan is taken to be an extremist, intolerant society. I have to go around telling the world that no, this is not the case! Its only a minority and the violence against the women is an international phenomenon, it’s not Pakistan related phenomenon alone. So look at the opposite pulls and the balancing a leader of Pakistan has to do. The most dangerous that I see in all this, the thing that impinges on our progress, prosperity and our well-being is the image of Pakistan being an intolerant extremist society. It is because of this that there are travel advisories against us. And therefore people are scared of coming. We go around telling the people that this is not the reality. But we say, that we have to cut a sorry figure when there is a bomb blast like it has happened in Karachi today. So we cut a sorry figure when a leader goes around and says that no this is a very tolerant society, there is harmony and peace everywhere and we have controlled everything and then this is a blast and you feel ashamed of saying those things. So this is our biggest dilemma, this is what will bring us down, and remember my words, this will make our future dark if you don’t correct our course, and we don’t project to the world that this is a tolerant society and there is a writ of government functioning here, there is no terrorism and we are controlling extremism. I see this as the biggest danger not only to our progress and prosperity but to our very existence. I also thought that I must give you a general thinking of the world because I went to Davos and Davos has become a place where economic leaders, the biggest businessmen of the world and political leaders are there. It has somehow become a center of ‘who is who’.

A person like Bill Gates is standing in queue to enter places, this is the environment there. I had the proud privilege of being made the panelist in two discussions. I would like to tell you the subject, because from that you assess what the world is thinking and where the world is going.

Firstly, one of the panel discussion was modernization vs. Islamic traditionalism, that, there is a clash of modernization with Islamic traditionalism, therefore there is conflict, tension and pressure in the Islamic countries. Obviously I countered it that there is no clash in Islam and modernization, the contradiction is between Islam and Westernization. I said there is a double paradox here, that while the West take modernization to mean Westernization.

The extremists or fundamentalists in our society also take modernization as westernization, unfortunately. And I said that modernization, to me, is improvement in quality of life of people. Their living standards and comforts, this is modernization. So Islam has no conflict with this modernization.

We want to modernize, we want to have comfort, we want to develop through science and technology. The people of Pakistan should be using the values and comforts of development. But when it is said that our fundamentalists taking modernization to mean Westernization, I meant when you acquire, when you seek knowledge from West, when you learn ways of governance, which is required because we are nowhere, we don’t know anything, they take that to be Westernization.

So this problem is there and I also raised the point that conflict, the tension, the pressure in Islamic world is not because of this demand of modernization, it is more because of the sense of alienation and a sense of deprivation. But however, this was one of the themes so you should know that people are taking 4 modernization to be in clash with Islam and that Islam doesn’t want to modernize, they want to live in Stone Age.

The other panel was regionalism on the rise, and it is on the rise. There are regional groups all over the world. ASEAN, EU, African Union, South American Union, innumerable unions, they are all regionalisms through mutual benefit of the countries. Again, my point of view on this is that while regionalism is on the rise and regionalism is good, especially for the weaker and poorer countries of the regions. Because collectively, the richer and stronger can do good for the emancipation of the poorer and the weaker.

So regionalism is the answer for joint emancipation. But I pointed out that while it is successful in European Union, in ASEAN and it is not successful in south Asia. Why is it not successful here? We have SAARC but its quite an ineffective organization, that is because power disparity between one country being very powerful i.e. India and other like Bhutan being such a small country. So in this power disparity, there are certain demands.

First demand is that it should be a conflict free environment, at the moment there is conflict between India and Pakistan, the two major players of the region, that goes against regionalism. Then there has to be an attitude of the bigger brother, an accommodating attitude, an attitude where they are prepared to sacrifice, they are prepared to give, where they don’t want to dominate and impinge on the sovereignty of a nation. And impinging on the sovereignty really means dominating their foreign policy and dominating their economy. This environment is non-existent in South Asia.

These are the arguments that I gave there and thought that I must bring these out here, these are the thoughts of the world, the world is going towards regionalism, and we are not because of these problems in the region. The world is taking of Islam being in clash with modernization, this is where the world is going. And this is where we, as one of the important nation of the Ummah exist and we have a critical role to play. This much for international, I’ll leave anything else for questions. Let me come to the realities of Pakistan having discussed the world in very broad outline.

Firstly, we have not only stabilized the economy, but Alhamdolillah, the economy is on the upsurge. The economy of today is no more the economy of ’99. In all its figures, this economy has risen from a GDP of $60 billion to probably going to cross $125 billion, the size of the economy is far bigger. This has total impact on everything, on people coming investing, on world financial institutions giving you loans on their rates of interests because the size of the economy is big. And this size has direct relationships on everything, on debt to GDP ratio. If your debt is 38 or $39 billion and your GDP is $60 or $65 billion, your debt to GDP ration is 101%, which it was. But if your debt remains $38- $39 billion but your GDP is $125 billion, your debt to GDP ration is under 60%, which it is now. Although we have reduced the debts also, it is something like $35.7 billion but the GDP has gone up. So the Debt to GDP ratio is better than the benchmark fixed by EU for its debt to GDP ratio which is 60%. The EU countries believe that their Debt to GDP ration should not be above 60%, ours today is 59%. And I am sure it will keep reducing. These may just sound figures, but these are critical figures, everything else works on this. Previously we used to have our defence expenditure, everything is related to GDP.

Your defence expenditure may increase, but if your GDP has gone up by 100%, your defence expenditure has reduced percentage wise. Our economy Alhamdolillah is at an upsurge. Every macro economic indicator, just to highlight a few, you know the GDP growth 8.4, we hope to touch 7% this year, it is good despite rise in oil prices and earthquake etc. Our main areas where GDP will show growth are our revenues, our exports will cross $17 billion certainly this year.

Where did we start from? I remember, ’99, the figure will never loose my mind, $7.86 billion. So you calculate the percentage yourself. In these 5 years, we are going to cross $17 billion. Revenue was Rs 302 billion in 99, and now we are going to cross Rs 700 billion so you can judge it yourself. The PSDP, the development expenditures allocation used to be between Rs 90 and Rs105 billion, we are going to put in Rs 300 billion. So we are talking of going up by hundreds of percents.

Therefore with all this economy, look at our Stock Exchange, it’s going wild, it’s the best performing SE of the world. Credit Rating has gone up and confidence of investors has been restored and investment is coming into Pakistan in a very big way, the only limitations are the travel advisories and these bomb blasts which impose some limitations on the people who want to come here. However I am very proud to say, Alhamdolillah that they are coming in a big way. I don’t want to get in the details but you will see them happening in these few months because I have decided to chair these things myself to resolve the issues between the investors and the government.

Pakistan has been put on 5 the last page of ‘The Economist’ where they publish the parameters of economies of different countries, Pakistan was never there, and today Pakistan is there because our economy is performing well. So this is the growth that we are having, the positive of Pakistan. we keep talking about poverty and unemployment in Pakistan, yes indeed there is poverty and unemployment, but for the first time, and we have figures now, that poverty and unemployment has declined in Pakistan. I say this with full conviction and full knowledge. However the negative is that the inflation is on the rise, that is the alarming thing and that is where we need to put in our effort. But however this has, while the government must put in effort to control and check, there is a simple issue of demand and supply gap, any student of economy will understand that when your economy rises, the purchasing power of people increase due to rise in per capita income, which leads to increase in demand, and this demand supply gap automatically causes inflation.

Today Pakistan’s per capita income is around $761, it may cross $800. We have become a middle income group, from a low income group. The moment we increase the supply to bring it closer to demand, inflation will be in control except for the few basic needs where government interception is needed to ensure the supply to poor. However the economy is doing very well. I think what we need to do is that to take these effects down to the people at the grass root level. We need to transfer these gains to the people of Pakistan. And that is what mine and the government’s effort is. And when we are talking of this transferring of this gain, there are many areas where I thought I should come in myself to fill the gap between policy formulation and policy implementation, there is a big gap unfortunately but this gap is there in every developing country and we need to fill it. The local government which we have introduced fills this gap if they perform well, because previously everything was being done at national and provincial level so there was a big gap, the local government has filled this gap if they perform well. But still there is some gap which I thought I must fill personally and I am trying to do that. I am taking certain subjects which I will keep monitoring, the government will keep doing it, but I will exert my own pressure and that is firstly on agriculture and water issue, brick lining of the water courses then I have thought of providing safe drinking water to people, providing electricity to every village, provision of gas. I am going to Gawader in a few days for a test of LNG, how we can install a station outside Gawader and give gas through pipe, they have done it. If that is successful, we can follow this model everywhere in Pakistan.

The other trial is in Lillah, this project is for CNG, putting a station outside, give gas, and charging that station through bowzers, I am told this is very successful so we would like to give gas to every place through this method. Then I have gone into education and health. I am trying to motivate and push the CMs on a special strategy of improving education and health at the grass root level.

And finally there is this issue of FDI which I want to facilitate myself where I had the first meeting a week or two back where I put 6 investors on the left and the government people were on the right and it took just 3 or 4 hours of interaction and we remove all the hurdles straight. They will invest and you will see them coming in a month or two months time. These are major investors coming in. so this is I feel the trickle down effect. Now we have to sustain all this growth, our international stature and the trickle down effect to the people. I would like to point out how to do that and what are the hurdles?

Firstly, there are many intractable issues of Pakistan within our domestic environment, if we don’t address them, I don’t think we can move forward as a unified nation sustaining all this, because they are the drags on us, they will pull us down. Firstly, agriculture is our backbone, our GDP growth, to a major extent is on agriculture and textile.

Although it is wrong, it should shift to industry and that is what we are doing, we made this strategy in 2000. We must shift to industry especially to Hi-tech. Our focus is anchored only on agriculture and textile, that is not the way forward. Only 6% of world trade is textile, 61% is heavy industry and technology. We are bogged down in 6%, we have to come out of it, and we are trying to come out of it.

But agriculture is our backbone, and water is backbone of agriculture. So therefore there is issue of water. So when we talk about issue of water, I have given a water vision in 2016. The controversy is of Kalabagh Dam. But I see Kalabagh dam as the part of water vision.

Water vision means three things, first thing is that whatever water you have, conserve it. Conserve it through two means, 60% of it gets wasted from the dam to the land in the passage, out of which maximum loss is in the water courses and therefore we are getting them brick lined, this will save us about 25% of the water which 6 is wasted. We should go forward and brick-line the distributaries also and ultimately the canals also if we have the money. This is going to cost us 66 Billion.

Second way of water conservation is to go for modern means of drip irrigation, laser leveling. We normally flood the field. I am told that if we laser level the field, it consumes half of the water it used to consume before and it saves 1/3rd electricity as well. The third part is to have water reservoirs and have canals to take the water to the people. And that is where we come into dams. When we are talking of dams, we want to make all dams, futuristically. At this moment, international situation is such that they would like to give us money for the construction of dams, we must utilize this.

So we must make all dams, whether it is Bhasha, Kalabagh, Akori, Munda or Kurram Tangi. These are five important dams. When we have made these dams and we have the canals, which we are already making, then all the canals will be perennial. This is the water vision and we have to do it.

We talk of loss of sovereignty when someone comes and bombs Bajur, yes indeed the sovereignty has been compromised and we condemn that. The arrangement is very clear let me repeat it here. Nobody crosses our border, our forces act on our side of the border and their forces act on their side. But yes they violated our sovereignty. Lets see thing clearly, they have violated sovereignty but what about the sovereignty violated by the foreigners who are there. Who is violating sovereignty more? Those who fired from Afghanistan or the ones who are sitting permanently there and carrying out terrorist attacks all over the world.

Wherever I have gone and the briefings are given on the intelligence, all terrorist activities, each one of them has the base, the world thinks and they have a proof of it also, in Pakistan or Afghanistan. We have to address this issue of terrorism and extremism. And I would like to just say that it needs a societal transformation. And where I talk of societal transformation, I separate terrorism from extremism. Terrorism is an act of an individual who is killing civilians like the bomb blast today, he needs to be killed with military force or whatever, we need to kill the terrorists.

But the extremist is not a person who is doing an act, the extremism is in his mind, you can’t kill him, you can not take military action. You have to address his mind, you have to change his mindset that don’t be an extremist.

Islam teaches us tolerance, to tolerate each other’s views. Not to impose our views on others, thinking that my views are final. Everyone has his own views and thinks that his views are final. So this extremism has to be taken away from our minds.

And there is a six point agenda that we are following, three short terms and three long terms. I won’t go into details, short term points are that we must address all these extremist organizations, the banned organizations, their leadership should not be there, they should be arrested. Anyone distributing, publishing, writing hate material, must be arrested. Anyone misusing loud speakers in mosques for hatred, mosque is a place where we should talk about nice things, pray for others, not curse people. It’s a sacred place where we should go to pray for goodwill, health prosperity and not to curse others or move against it so this is three short term.

And in the long term firstly syllabus like the sectarian violence such as in Gilgit on a mere picture with a man in a prayer position with the right way of offering prayers written below and only on that picture people are killing each other. Remove these things from the Syllabus which is creating so much hatred among us and real values of Islam should be brought into the syllabus.

Issues should be discussed like we say that Islam given most rights to the women, where is it projected in the syllabus, what these rights are, this is an issue and let the world also know what we are teaching in our schools. Islam is not a mere religion but it is a ‘Deen’ a way of life which should be projected in the world that this is our way of life and that should be in the syllabus so the syllabus should be changed along with the strategies of the Madrassas and I am very happy that the dealing with the Wafaq-e-Madris is going very well which deals with the Madaris, the want to register and they want to teach all subjects and I am sure I will be able to resolve the minor issues which are left.

What I refer as extremism, if anybody wants to grow a beard he should and no one should stop him but a person who doesn’t want to grow a beard should not be forced to so this general tendency towards Talibanization is very dangerous and this needs to be checked, if spread more into other areas of Pakistan where they challenge the writ of the government as it is happening at some places as well and this is a dangerous trend which I am seeing now and we must check this trend, writ of the government should not be violated. 7

Balochistan is another area where we need national harmony and we have to sustain the economy as the three Sardars in Balochistan are not letting development happen, they are not letting exploration happen. They do not want gas exploration or Gwadar Port and as we are making the Gwadar Port they killed three Chinese engineers so they are anti development and they are anti democracy in fact they are anti Pakistan and anti national.

It is my belief that Balochistan should be fully developed, right not Rs 120 to Rs 140 billion are being spent on Balochistan’s development and some people are complaining that this effect is not seen at smaller level but let me tell the people of Balochistan sitting here that if we spend all the money on micro level that will not do, at first we need to manage the Mega condition on which billions of rupees are required like more than Rs 20 to Rs 30 billion are required and that is not always available, we need money for coastal highway to link Gwadar.

We need at least 30 billion rupees for that and we want Kachi canal development in your area, Rs 35 billion are required. If we do not make this and only stick to small villages all that money will e spend there that is why micro projects are being catered to along with Mega projects which are being given preference. Regarding Micro development I would like to give you the good news that Rs 5.2 billion will be given to Balochistan, that means that each district will get at least Rs 100 million but I would ensure such mechanism that a list will be prepared for projects and then the project will come on ground and this is what we have to ensure to restrain the money going into any body’s pockets.

Like I said that if I give Rs 100 million to each province that will make Rs 2.7 or Rs 2.8 billion which is nothing as when I am talking of Gwadar Port of Kachi Canal I am talking about Rs 40 billion so we will be giving preference to Mega project will also look into micro development. There is no problem of micro development as far as we are let to do that like we were giving Rs 1.5 billion in Kohlu and they were firing rockets on us and we know how to reply such rocket attacks so this is Balochistan situation. 95% of Balochistan is B area where as only 5% area is A area which means real writ of the government is in the 5% of the Balochistan.

Can a nation exist like this, there is FATA where there is another system going on then a different system is going on in the 95% of the B area so how can a nation of 50 to 55 years go on like this. Nation must get integrated and it should develop together so therefore we need to convert this and there is strategy going on to convert B areas into A areas and Alhumdulillah 14 districts have been declared A area so now half of Balochistan is A area and we will keep on doing this. We have a 5 years plan in which we have to convert all of Balochistan into A area but this is not an easy task as we need police and constabulary which is at present not there so first we have to raise these forces then move towards declaring the Balochistan into A area, so this is the opposition from certain areas so we need to rectify Balochistan for development regarding both mega and minor projects but at the same time the three Sardars of which we know very well like there is Bugti, Marri, we will deal with these numbered people. So this would not be allowed and writ of the government will be enforced and we will progress further and let me assure you that we are tackling this very very well.

You would be reading in the newspapers like Sui gas pipeline was destroyed etc, let me assure you that we are totally dominating the scene, this is an age where we have every way to deal with them and we have all the intelligence and when I say intelligence we know what we have exactly who is where and what is happening where, this is not the age of hunch or assumptions so we are dealing with them and we will succeed I am very sure.

Now coming to the earthquake, we have established Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Authority and ultimately the relief commissioner will merge into it and this organization will then do the reconstruction and rehabilitation. The strategy and details of all these are being prepared and I am very sure the success we saw in relief work, we will also see that in this. \

Thee world recognizes Pakistan’s dealing with this quake as a model for the whole world and I was asked in Davos to give a talk on ‘leadership on the wake of natural disaster, the house was jam packed with around 600 people sitting there and I told them of how you, Pakistan managed and the biggest complement given to me by a lady who said that the world should just take your example when ever there is a disaster and do exactly that, you have taught them what to do and how to deal with it. This is the compliment given to Pakistan at international level.

Imran Khan speaks stupidly, he doesn’t know a thing about the world and only knows about cricket. What does he know?

I am very proud of the fact that we have met earthquake very successfully because of people of Pakistan, the Army of Pakistan, the NGOs of the world and the world that supported us. That where diplomacy also comes in. We organize Donor Conference, I 8 personally contact, I don’t know how many leaders on telephone and personally told them to please attend or send your delegation.

To whomever I talk they send the delegation and they committed money. Many countries which I don’t want to name, we are not coming to give money and when I don’t them we needed money, we need your support, and they give the money. This is international diplomacy, relationship of the leaders counts a lot.

Lastly I talk about blasphemous issue, we condemned it I personally feel that every Muslims whether extremist or fundamentalist or progressive or modern or ultra modern on this issue everyone is united that we condemned it, we hate this and we are angry all of us and this has been told to the world. Let me ensure you on this subject Pakistan is playing a lead role everywhere. In United Nation, OIC, European Union, Human Rights Organization in Geneva and every where Pakistan is playing a leading role and that is where we stand but it is being politicizes. Blasphemous issues is side lined and politically it is been exploited unfortunately. Therefore we in need to divorce the political side and crush the political side and address the blasphemy issue and we are playing a lead role in that.

Again I want to talk to leadership about international dimension and domestic dimension. People are emotion at domestic dimension, asking to call back your ambassador from European Union. Ok call back and they would also call back there ambassadors from Pakistan. We are begging from them, we are asking for reduce the duties on textiles, give us market excess, exempt us anti dumping. We are requesting all this.

Internationally beggars can’t be choosers or if you insist, be ready to suffer. I was telling Commandant this could be good exercise for you people how to handle this situation. What should we do? What to do with OIC? What to do with European Union? What to do with United Nations? President Bush is coming what matter should be discussed. These are complicated issues. We have to save are interests. Don’t do anything thing which could effect the national interest of Pakistan. This is the demand of leadership ladies and gentlemen it is not easy. It is easy to say to call back your ambassador than done. Through calculated way address the issues. European Union has given full support to Denmark and they stand beside with Denmark. Think before you do anything. Let me assure you that I am going to talk to President Bush about that. I am going to tell you that if you today can take this up in the United Nations then this blasphemous issue should be ban through a law and for the first time entire Muslims world would follow you. I am going to tell you that whether he does it or not, I don’t know but we are going to say and going to do it in UN. This is what we are doing and I ensure you we are doing a lot and Pakistan is in the lead role. I know I have spoken a lot and I could by saying ladies and gentle men I have given you over all picture about international environment and their concern how they are pinning us and how we have to react to save ourselves.

At domestic level how we are progressed economically, in our stature and how to maintain it. What are the obstacles in the way? I told you about terrorism and it is an obstacle, Balochistan is one of the obstacles, water issue is a obstacle. We would address them. InshAllah I am very sure when a person have good intentions Allah helps him. Allah is helping and would help us in future because we have good intention and wants to make a difference for this country because I genuinely think this nation will not survive and will not progress if we don’t address the issues that I have highlighted today. Thank you very much. We are trying to battle on multiple fronts but we are good at battling that what we have learned in the uniform. we will battle.

Thank you very much.


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